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Social Impact

Automatic Rice Seeding Machine

Project undertaken by:

  • Assistant Professor Thaisiri Watewai
  • Prof. Dr. Mongkol Ekpanyapong
  • Somsak Ploypanichchapoen

Partner:

  • Phakchaen Farmer Group, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
  • Klong Luang Farmer Group, Pathum Thani
  • Jana Farmer Group, Songkhla
  • Nam Om Farmers Group, Yasothon
  • Phitsanulok Rice Center
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About research: The objectives of this research project were to develop an automatic rice seeding machine to reduce the labor shortage problems and to increase the rice farming efficiency. The machine performance has been improved based on test results in the paddy fields. This project also studied the cost/benefit tradeoff between using the machines versus manual labor for rice farming, and analyzed how to appropriately apply the rice seeding technology under various conditions. Two versions of the rice seeding machine have been developed, one for dry fields, and the other for muddy fields, and both were tested on real paddy fields with satisfactory results. Namely, the machines can drop the seeds in a proper row structure on the paddy fields. This makes it easier for the farmers to take care of the fields and helps reduce the overall production cost. Currently, we aim to develop larger and more powerful machines. The research has been publicized to farmers to make them realize the benefits of using the technology to reduce their production costs and improve the productivity in rice farming. Moreover, three patents have been filed together with the Agricultural Research Development Agency (Public Organization).

The sufficiency level of wealth at retirement to support basic living quality during retirement

Project undertaken by: Associate Professor Dr. Pornanong Budsaratrakul and Team

Partner:

  1. The Securities and Exchange Commission, Thailand (SEC)
  2. Government Pension Fund
  3. Thailand E-Government

About research: This research paper investigates the sufficiency level of Thai households’ retirement savings. The sufficiency level of households working in each occupational type was estimated by survey to collect the amount of expenditure in each category paid by retired households. The median value of these expenditures was used to calculate the minimum lump sum (MLS) at retirement. The proposed mathematical model for the calculation also considers changes in mortality rates over different age groups. It was found that the MLS at retirement is around 3–22 million depending on the year of retirement, health condition and the level of expenditure.

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Apart from the MLS calculation, this research also set up a focus group to have a discussion-based teaching session on the fundamental knowledge of retirement savings to participating households. We found that the contribution rates to provident funds of participated households range from around 3–8.99% of their salary, with an average contribution rate of around 4.4% and a level of wealth in provident funds of mostly less than 160,000 baht (69.5% of all households in the sample).

When analyzing if households save enough for their retirement, we compared the estimated amount of wealth in provident funds with the MLS at retirement (after deducting the present value of pension benefits from the Social Security Fund, employers and old age pensions). Based on the Monte Carlo Simulation of wealth in provident funds, we found that only 26% of households in the sample will have a 95% probability that their wealth will be higher than the MLS.

From the Binary Logistic regression analysis, the significant factors that point towards the insufficiency of retirement savings among households in the sample are (i) no lump sum or pensions from employers, (ii) a current salary of less than 30,190 baht per month, (iii) an expected growth rate of their salary of less than 5.5% per year and (iv) contribution rates from employers of less than 5.4%.

In order to allow the public to use the mathematical techniques proposed by this research, the website (www.retirement-checkup.com) was set up. The users will also get suggestions on how to sufficiently save enough for retirement, such as the minimum contribution rate or the appropriate investment strategy of provident funds that ensure their wealth at retirement to be above the MLS level at a 95% probability.

Neighboring countries’ perceptions, understanding and knowledge of Thailand

Project undertaken by: Center of Excellence for Mekong Studies, Institute of Asian Studies

Partner:

  • Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters
  • East Asia Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Thailand
  • Matichon Public Company Limited
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About research: This study aims to evaluate the perceptions and understanding of the Union of Myanmar, Lao PDR, the Royal Kingdom of Cambodia, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Federation of Malaysia towards Thailand. In other words, how these countries perceive and understand Thailand as a country and society, as well as its people. Though cohesively designated as the “perceptions and understanding” of those specific nations, their perceptive evaluations of Thailand have multivariate implications, in terms of they cover various levels from “inter-nation” to community and people-to-people levels. Moreover, their perception and understanding are also highly dynamic, where the more they cover the different levels of relations with Thailand, the greater is their complexity. In a contemporary context, we can generally say that the perceptions and understanding of these countries become more complex when their interactions with Thailand expand from the inter-state relations, which once represented different political ideologies and rules, to accommodate the people-to-people sector through the media and economic, social, cultural and technological channels and mechanisms. The latter domain of relations between Thailand and its neighboring countries has developed since the end of the Cold War in 1991, if not before.

Thailand, in the perceptions and understanding of the neighboring countries, can be a “villain”, who is intent upon taking advantage of these countries, or a “big power” that is always prepared to invade weaker neighbors, or a good neighbor who is ready to offer help to neighbors in trouble. These multivariate perceptions and understandings are partly derived as “legacies” of the modes of thought that were shaped by past events and inherited to later generations. Such perceptions, especially negative ones, are understandably closely associated with past experiences of wars leading to forced migration of large numbers of people, transportation of treasures and wealth, as well as destruction of cities of the vanquished nations. These experiences, therefore, have become part of the socialization of the people in these countries through state mechanisms created by both the colonial and post-independence states to support the conduct of their relations with Thailand or other political needs and interests. Accordingly, it is not surprising that different groups in even the same nations might maintain a different perception and understanding of Thailand. The wider the range of interactions involved in the relationships with Thailand is, the more varied these perceptions and understanding become. That is, their perceptions and understanding of who the “Thai” are depends in part on who the “Thai” were that were involved in such relationships – state officials, capitalists, ordinary people, monks or other religious persons.

In addition, the neighboring countries surrounding Thailand have also developed their own specific perceptions and understanding of Thailand. The Cambodians, Lao, Burmans, Vietnamese and Malaysians have their different memories and understanding about “Thai”. The only thing that they have in common is that they mainly look at Thailand from their own perspectives – that is, from how they look at their “self”. For instance, those who are weaker than Thailand would look at Thailand as an invader or predator, whose motives are always suspicious.

The research concludes that the perceptions and understanding that the neighboring countries to Thailand maintain about Thailand are deeply rooted in the historical past and have become wounds that are difficult to heal. At the same time, the expansion of the scope of the relationship after the end of the Cold War has been favorable to the development of new perceptions and understanding, and even to change the old deep-rooted outlooks. This expanded relationship is developing through trade, investment, development assistance, and cultural media and new technologies, and could give rise to new creative or constructive perceptions and understandings. It would also be helpful for Thailand to have a fair, non-exploitative conduct of policy towards its neighboring countries, including the treatment of the misplaced peoples from these countries. Such a policy orientation would serve as a people-to-people cultural diplomacy to enhance better perceptions and understanding of these countries and peoples. Evidently, in the post-Cold War context, a unitary state does not monopolize the people’s perceptions and understanding through socializing mechanisms set up and organized by the state. The increasingly borderless world provides a space for “Thailand” either as a country or its people to have a role in constructing new perceptions and understanding of its neighbors. But this depends very much on the Thai people’s “awareness” of this opportunity and their determination to let it go.

Creating an Environment for “Open and Collaborative Science” in Thailand

Project undertaken by: Prof. Dr. Soraj Hongladarom

About research: This research program consists of philosophy, urban and science studies. The emphasis is on creating an environment that is conducive to the development of open and citizen science in Thai society, where the main idea is the massive collaboration of the population in the process of making scientific knowledge. The program consists of studies on the ethical and epistemological aspects of open and citizen science, a study of a noise pollution map in Bangkok, and a peer-to-peer collaboration on how to bridge the Global North and Global South

Improvement of Chinese language teaching in Thailand

Partner:

  1. Office of the Education Council
  2. Ministry of Education

About research: This research developed from ‘Chinese language teaching in Thailand’ which was the Chinese Studies Center’s research project in 2008, funded at that time by the Bangkok Bank Public Company Limited. However, the current source of funding is the Office of the Education Council who wish to develop Chinese language teaching. This research studies every level of education from primary, secondary, vocational and higher education as well as non-educational, to evaluate the best Chinese language teaching practice for international students for higher education in Beijing University (China).

The Survey and Data Collection for Road Asset and Bridge on Rural Road Network

Project undertaken by: Transportation Institute

Partner: Department of Rural Roads

About research: In the past, the Department of Rural Roads collected data on the rural roads and surrounding areas by surveying and using officers to conduct the surveys. The obtained data was partly resolved and certain. However, there are the limitations of the long time required for data collection and the large number of officers required to perform the survey. Accordingly, the Mobile Mapping System (MMS) has been developed to replace the traditional surveying system. The MMS can perform data collection at a greater speed and accuracy. In 2014, the Department of Rural Roads conducted a pilot project to study and test the MMS for data collection using a total distance of not less than 2,500 km, and designed the suitable database structure for the data storage and analysis. Moreover, in 2015, the survey was extended to cover the whole country at a distance of at least 37,000 km using the data from the CRD (Central Database) in 2015 by adding different types of properties to be estimated and located on the system (up to 13 items) as well as increasing the representation of data to enable the network planning and management to be more efficient.

Evaluation of Community Readiness for Self-management: Case of Climate Change Adaptation and Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) in Nan Province, Thailand

About research: This study aimed to study the (1) climate change adaptation of a local community in Nan Province, (2) disaster management system in Nan Province and to (3) evaluate the change adaptation and CBDRM in Nan Province. This research was performed using an empirical survey, checklist data, focus group discussion, public hearing, interview, participatory observation and physical survey with communities through participatory action research (PAR). The empirical output of this research were (1) the water level in Nan Town municipality in the flood situation in 2011, (2) vulnerable group data in pilot community, (3) flood risk identification map, (4) elements of community self-management on disaster readiness, and (5) empirical characters of disaster readiness in pilot community.

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Project undertaken by: Environmental Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University

Partner: Nan Municipality, Phumin-Talee community, Puang payom community, Office of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation of Nan Town Municipality, Nan Provincial Public Works and Town and Country Planning Office and Office of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation of Nan Province

Building Local Community Awareness on Natural Disaster Preparedness: Case Study of Local Communities in Nan Province, Thailand

About research: This research aimed to (1) design activities to building community awareness on disaster preparedness, (2) launch activities in pilot communities to build awareness of flood disaster preparedness and (3) debrief process activities on community based disaster management. This research was based upon aa participatory action research (PAR) and was performed as a map making process, interview, focus group discussion, brainstorming and gaming simulation. The empirical outcomes of this research wee (1) a map of the flooded areas in pilot communities, (2) map of community building types, (3) community flood risk map, (4) map of vulnerable groups in the community, (5) signs of flood risk level (as high, medium and low) and (6) map of community management zones.

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Project undertaken by: Environmental Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University

Partner: Nan Municipality, Phayaphoo Community, Thachang Community, Ming Muang community, Office of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation of Nan Town Municipality, Nan Provincial Public Works and Town and Country Planning Office and Office of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation of Nan Province

 

Building a Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) Process: Case Study of Disaster Risk Communities in Nan Province, Thailand

About research: This research was a second phase study and aimed to (1) building a model process of CBDRM, (2) initiate the CBDRM process in collaboration with communities and (3) debrief on the CBDRM process. This research was comprised of participatory action research (PAR) conducted map making process, interviews, focus group discussion, brainstorming, workshop, participatory observation and questionnaire survey. The outcomes of this research were (1) a community plan for disaster safety communities, (2) community committees, (3) community funds, (4) community leaflet on flood disaster management and (5) community flood risk sign (map)

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Project undertaken by: Environmental Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University

Partner: Nan Municipality, Phayaphoo Community, Thachang Community, Office of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation of Nan Town Municipality, Nan Provincial Public Works and Town and Country Planning Office and Office of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation of Nan Province.

 

Adaptation and Preparedness for Natural Disaster Prevention: a Study on Applying Gaming Simulation in Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM)

About research: This study aimed to (1) study possibilities to develop and apply gaming simulation (GS) as a mechanism to encourage a community based flood disaster management approach, (2) develop a prototype of gaming simulation for flood disaster management in Thailand and (3) debrief a gaming simulation as a tool for Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM). This research was comprised of a participatory action research (PAR) applied GS for Thai CBDRM and involved a field survey, participatory observation, in-depth interview and workshop. The research outcomes were (1) possibilities to apply GS in a Thai context throughout the flood risk areas in Nan and Parkket municipalities, (2) game prototype named “Community Cooperation Game: A Simulation Game of Community Based Flood Disaster Management”. This research debriefed empirical outcome from GS application in Thai case studies.

 

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Project undertaken by: Environmental Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University

Partner: Nan Municipality, Phumin-Talee community, Puang payom community, Phayaphoo Community, Satri Si Nan School, Jumpi Wanidaporn School (Ban Phumin Municipal School), Samakee Wittayakhan School (Ban Phranet Municipal School), Darun Wittaya School (Ban Suan Tan Municipal School) of Nan Province and Pakkred Secondary School and Watkhemapirataram School of Nonthaburi Province, Sonobe Town, Nantan city government, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan

 

Development of high performance ballistic armor from varied fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine composites

Project undertaken by: 

Associate Professor Dr. Sarawut Rimdusit

E-mail: sarawut.r@chula.ac.th

02-218-6862, 098-285-9653

Partner: The Army Research & Development Office

About research:

At present, the situation in the southern region of Thailand remains a major problem, where the loss of both military and civilian lives is quite high. One reason comes from the inadequate protective equipment, such as ballistic armor or military helmet. The armor used in Thailand is normally imported with a relatively high price. Therefore, the government and the private sector have attempted to produce ballistic armor using locally available inexpensive materials, but they cannot protect the wearer from bullets at high levels (i.e. higher than IIIA level according to the standard of National Institute of Justice (NIJ), USA. In this research, we aim to develop of high performance ballistic armor from varied fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine composites at a lower cost as well as lower weight as a substitute for the high cost armor. The ballistic can resist the penetration of a 7.62 mm AP projectile equivalent to level III of NIJ standard, USA.

 

Yannawa Riverfront

Project undertaken by: Faculty of Architecture

Partner: Bangkok Metropolitan Administration and community

 

Bangkok 250

Project undertaken by: Faculty of Architecture

Partner: Bangkok Metropolitan Administration and community

Map of Living Local Cultural Sites of Bangkok

Partner: All 50 Districts of Bangkok

About research:  This research focuses on mapping living local cultural sites in Bangkok’s 50 districts using qualitative research based upon interviewing the cultural owners. The outcome of this research is two 400 page books in both Thai and English, plus matching website and facebook sites, where people can search for the data and travel to each living local cultural site as well as talking to the cultural owner of each site by themselves. This mapping of the living local cultural sites in Bangkok could help change the image of international tourists towards Bangkok city away from “A sex tourism city” to be “A city of diverse cultures” in the near future. This research was supported by the Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Bangkok.

Website: http://livingculturalsites.com/
Face Book: https://www.facebook.com/Bangkokculture/?fref=ts 

 

Pilot Project for Low Cost Floating Sala in Sena District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province

About research:

Planning

–  Community-based Low Cost Water-Level Mapping

–  Community-based Water Management Planning

Design 


  • –  Short-Mid Term: Community-Based House Jack-Up
  • –  Mid-Long Term: Hybrid Lifted Floor Floating House

Culvary Church Conservation Project

Project undertaken by: Faculty of Architecture

Partner:  community


GAP Quality Control for Crops and Production Process of Hairy Basil Free of Aflatoxin

Project undertaken by: 

The Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Chulalongkorn University


Production Process of Hairy Basil Free of Aflatoxin

Project undertaken by: The Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering


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อาคารจามจุรี 5 ชั้น 6 
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E- Mail:  research@chula.ac.th  FAX: 02-218-0236
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