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Climate Change and Disaster

 

Climate Change and Disaster

The climate change and disaster management cluster aims to study and support research in various fields, such as sciences , engineering, social sciences, economics and other related fields to prepare for climate changes. The overall topics cover problem solving/adaptation and prevention of climate changes and disaster management in Thailand. In addition, the climate change and disaster management cluster promotes academic cooperation in the research network with other universities, industrial sectors, private and public sectors, communities and other related sectors. In addition, the cluster helps to develop and increase the human resources potential with a proactive mindset in order to effectively manage and support the greenhouse gas mitigation scheme and be fully respected at an international level.

Cluster Director: Assoc. Prof. Orathai Chavalparit, Ph.D.

E-mail: orathai.c@chula.ac.th

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The research projects under the climate change and disaster management cluster can be classified according to the specific type of works into the following three categories:

  1. Climate change mitigation to mitigate or prevent emissions of greenhouse gases in Thailand. For examples, greenhouse gas mitigation from energy savings and alternative energy, improving agricultural systems for carbon sequestration or carbon sequestration in soil for forestation, agricultural topics and the technology for increasing the capacity for detecting and managing the organic waste which helps mitigating release of methane gas or turn it into an alternative energy source.
  2. Adaptation for climate change so as to reduce the risks for communities and ecosystems in Thailand. These studies involve determination of the strategies/policies for each sector involved, such as water management communities, coastal erosion, agricultural, transport, energy and health.
  3. Area based risk assessment and financial / economics for preparation for climate change and disasters in Thailand.

 

Center of Excellence

Center of Excellence in Earthquake Engineering and Vibrationy

The Earthquake Engineering and Vibration Research Laboratory was first established in 1986. As a result of great performance and high contribution, the research unit was supported by Chulalongkorn University and renamed as the Center of Excellence in Earthquake Engineering and Vibration in 2002. The main objectives of this research center are to consolidate earthquake engineering knowledge, extend research topics to earthquake engineering appropriate to Thailand, disseminate earthquake engineering and hazard mitigation knowledge to enhance earthquake awareness and public capability of emergency responses and promote educational outreach.

Research Highlights
  • Drafting seismic design and evaluation codes of Department of Public Works and Town planning for Thailand
  • Earthquake Engineering Structural Engineering regarding structural systems and connections. Structural analysis and design methods.
  • Evaluation of building resistance to earthquakes and seismic retrofit scheme.
  • Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis leading to seismic hazard maps
  • Tsunami forecast using artificial neural networks.
  • Building damage and loss assessment for Bangkok area due to earthquake.
  • Automatic system for weight and type identification of moving truck on bridge.
  • Analysis and Mitigation of vibration of bridge and elevated roadway.
Key Contact Person

Associate Professor Dr. Supot Teachavorasinskun

Tel: (+662) 218-6571 E-mail: tsupot@gmail.com

Link out websites

Official Website: http://evr.eng.chula.ac.th/earthquake/

Center of Excellence in Environment and Plant Physiology

The research in Center of Excellence in Environment and Plant Physiology (CEEPP) is focus on plant physiology and molecular biology in order to improve plant health and productivity. Two major research areas are 1) plant stress physiology (salt and drought stress), which aims to study the genes and mechanisms for abiotic stress tolerance in rice and 2) plant responses to other stimuli. In this research area, various treatments, microbes, organic and chemical substances have been investigated in order to find the appropriate methodology for agricultural application to enhance plant growth and productivity, including prolonging shelf-life of plant products.

Research Highlight
  • Genes and Mechanisms for Salt Tolerance
  • Genes and Mechanisms for Drought Tolerance
  • Genome Wide Association Study of Salt Tolerant Traits in Rice
  • Genome Wide Association Study of Phosphate Deficiency Tolerant in Rice
  • Genome Wide Association Study of Nitrogen Deficiency Tolerant in Rice
  • Calmodulins and Calmodulin-like protein Function in Stress Tolerance
  • Root border cell response to abiotic stresses
  • Post-harvest Physiology of Dendrobium Orchid
  • Post-harvest Physiology of ‘Nam Dok Mai’ Mango
  • Plant-microbe interaction for plant productivity enhancement
Key Contact Person

Assoc. Prof. Supachitra Chadchawan

E-mail: Supachitra.C@chula.ac.th

Research Unit

Geotechnical Research Units

The Geotechnical Research Unit (GRU) at Chulalongkorn University was started in early 2016. The research interests are in the areas of geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering, including constitutive modeling for geomaterial, stress-strain characteristic of soils, numerical analysis in geomechanics, pavement engineering, ground improvement, geotechnical earthquake engineering and soil bioengineering. The contribution of academic research to innovative design and construction practices are highlighted. The research works are now moving closer to industrial needs by collaborating with the private and non-governmental sectors in the implementation of innovative research-based solutions.

Research Highlights

1. Numerical analysis and simulation of soil behavior for underground construction

2. Study of advanced soil behavior i.e., unsaturated soil, small-strain behavior, and dynamic properties of soil

3. Study of asphalt concrete behavior and ground improvement for pavement structure

4. Seismic ground response analysis under earthquakes

5. Geoenvironmental engineering and soil bioengineering

Key Contact Person

Professor Dr. Suched Likitlersuang

Link out websites

Website: https://www.facebook.com/gruchula/

Research Unit of Environmental Management and Sustainable Industry

Research Unit of Environmental Management and Sustainable Industry (EMSI) was established in 2015 with a commission to “Enhance industrial competitiveness and market performance coupled with the sustainable management of social and environmental issues towards sustainable development”. The activities of EMSI are mainly aimed at building technical knowledge, defining rules and policies, and improving expert potential to disseminate and bridge the gap between theory and practice by focusing on the cooperation and integration of the work of various agencies efficiently.

Research Highlights
  • Environmental management and sustainable industry
  • Research project on climate change mitigation to reduce or prevent emissions of greenhouse gases in Thailand
  • Thailand voluntary emission trading scheme
  • Development of renewable energy from biomass technology
Key Contact Person

Associate Professor Dr. Orathai Chavalparit

E-mail: orathai.c@chula.ac.th

Tel,: 0815536884

Fax: 022186452

Link out websites

Website: http://green.eng.chula.ac.th

Research Unit: Green Mining Management; GMM

The Research Unit (RU) on "Green Mine Management" was established to conduct significant R&D for green mining management (GMM) on both a national and international levels. Areas of research excellence include pollution prevention and reduction, treatment and disposal, risk assessment, monitoring and surveillance, and site remediation for effective and sustainable mining operations. This RU is a focal point of academic excellence network cooperation between mining sectors, academia and national and international research institutes and agencies.

Research Highlights

1) To serve significant academic research on the environmental friendly mining management.

2) To disseminate academic research results and information on green mining, including research articles published in domestic and international journals, conferences, seminars, workshops and meetings.

3) To conduct academic research and development on pollution prevention and reduction, treatment and disposal, risk assessment, monitoring and surveillance, site remediation for the effective and sustainable and mining operations.

Key Contact Person

 

Dr. Penradee Chanpiwat (Deputy Director)

Associate Professor Dr. Pantawat Sampanpanish (Director)

Research Institute

Aquatic Resources Research Institute

Experts in knowledge and innovative for aquaculture, biotechnology, marine ecology and marine pollution monitoring. There is marine research station at Sichang Island facilitates with chemical and ecological laboratory, aquaculture tank and pond, research vessel, Chula Vijai1, for marine survey and research. There is a dormitory and meting rooms for all researcher, students and other. There is natural museum, CholatusSathan, for displayed research projects  and knowledge. In present, Abalone a gastropod culture research , coral study and rehabilitation and marine pollution monitoring are three main research.

Research Highlight

Main and most important aquaculture is a gastropod; Abalone (Halitosis asinina) culture which highly successful as first place in Thailand and in ASEAN for commercial land base culture.  The second highly successful research is coral study and rehabilitations with about 3,000 coral fragments were rehabilitated both Cholburi and Rayong province. Branching, encrusting and massive coral form were growth now. The last is marine pollution monitoring and studied, petroleum hydrocarbon from oil spill and marine vessel waste  and organic waste contamination in seawater and sediment were studied and  referent in the Upper Gulf of Thailand and coastal area for 20 years.

Key Contact Person

Dr.Sompop Rungsupa

E-mail : rsompop@chula.ac.th

Website : www.arri.chula.ac.th

Research Highlight 6
  • Urban community participation
  • Community based disaster risk management (CBDRM)
  • Urban disaster management/ disaster resilience
  • Urban gaming simulation
  • Planning and policy for community development and civil society
  • Urban environmental planning

Contact Person :

Dr. Puntita Tawattana

 

 

Research Highlight 7
  • Climate change mitigation
  • GHGs quantification
  • Life cycle assessment (LCA)
  • Carbon capture and storage
  • Low carbon society
  • Air pollution control and management
  • Sustainable development; Environmental sustainability
  • Renewable energy

Contact Person :

Dr. Suthirat Kittipongvises

 

 

Research Highlight 8

– Heavy metal adsorption
– Fractionation of heavy metals in contaminated soil

Contact Person :

Dr. Seelawut Damrongsiri

 

 

Research Highlight 9
  • Heavy metal contamination and geochemistry in the environment
  • Remediation and management of heavy metal contamination
  • Environmental and health risk assessment of heavy metal contamination

Contact Person :

Dr. Penradee Chanpiwat

 

 

Research Highlight 10

1) Modification and synthesis of carbon materials for pollutant adsorptions
2) Industrial and agricultural waste modification to form adsorbents
3) Carbon-based material development for environmental applications and energy conversion and storage.
4) Electrochemistry for environmental application
5) Environmental health and safety

Contact Person : Doungkamon Phihusut

 

 

 Environmental Research Institute

In response to the increasing necessity of environmental research to the national development and academic progress at graduate level, the Environmental Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University was officially established and declared in the Thai Gazette on October 5, 1974. It has been a high ranked academic institute committed to, and valued for, the relationship between humans and the environment. The main duty of the institute is to conduct research on environment-related problems to provide information for planning on mitigation and prevention of environmental problems, and on environmental conservation and development for a better environment and quality of life for Thai society. From its tasks and operation in the beginning stage, the institute has become aware of the large scale and diversity of environmental problems happening along with national development resulting in danger to human health and living conditions.

Research Highlight 1

1) Site Remediation on Phytoremediation and Hydroponics
2) Organic Fertilizer Management in Paddy Field
3) Hazardous Substance Management
4) Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
5) Community participation and CSR

Contact Person : Associate Professor Dr. Pantawat Sampanpanish

 

 

Research Highlight 2

1) Removal of petroleum contamination by micellar solution
2) Phorbal ester extraction from pressed Jatropha seeds using a surfactant solution
3) Oil extraction from and utilization of spent coffee grounds
4) Distribution, fate transport and treatment of Cd in contaminated soil

Contact Person :Asst. Prof. Dr. Chantra Tongcumpou

 

 

Research Highlight 3
  • Treatment technology of hazardous substances contaminated in water and air
  • Synthesis, characterization and efficiency test of adsorbents and catalysts used in environmental application

Contact Person :Dr. Pummarin Khamdahsag

 

 

Research Highlight 4

1) Environmental management (Urban and regional environmental management)
2) Analysis of land use impacts on the environment
3) Spatial and land use planning
4) Biochar’s adaptation for food security and sustainable agriculture
5) Biochar incorporation in agriculture soils for carbon sequestration and the reduction of greenhouse gas emission

Contact Person :Assist. Prof. Dr. Saowanee Wijitkosum

 

 

Research Highlight 5

1) Phytoremediation of heavy metals in contaminated soil
2) Use of plants for stabilization of metals in contaminated soils
3) The utilization of biochar as a soil amendment for reducing heavy metal uptake in plants
4) Application of biochar to enhance crop productivity

Contact Person :

Songkrit Prapagdee

 

 

Contact

Research Highlight

Microbial technology for bioremediation

Bioremediation is an approach that uses microorganisms to degrade toxic substances in contaminated area. This technology is considered to be cost-effective and eco-friendly. To establish the environmental clean-up technology of petroleum hydrocarbons which have caused serious environmental pollution all over the world, our research work focuses on the study of microbiome in potentially contaminated environments, isolation of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria, examination of an efficiency and mechanisms of hydrocarbon degradation, and development of bacteria-based products for remediation of the contaminated sites. The bacterial-based products in form of liquid formulation, immobilized cell, granular bacteria and tablet bacteria for bioremediation treatment were successfully developed.

Research Highlights

1. Microbiome in oil spill area and bioremediation efficiency
2. Omics analysis of petroleum hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria
3. Bacterial-based product for removal of petroleum hydrocarbons

Key Contact Person

Assoc. Prof. Onruthai Pinyakong
E-mail: onruthai.p@chula.ac.th

Reef Biology Research

Our research group conducts both basic and advanced research that focus on the diversity, ecology and restoration of reefs in both tropical and temperate areas. In addition, we also investigate the ecological causes and consequences of biodiversity loss in the polar to tropical regions. Our research involves a diverse suite of organisms, including hard corals, soft corals, nudibranchs, crustaceans, echinoderms and fish. We are recognized as the first group in Thailand to succeed in mass coral culture using sexual reproduction and as the first group of Thai scientists to go to Antarctica for research explorations.

 

Research Highlight
  1. Coral reef biology and conservation
  2. Genetic diversity of corals
  3. Biological invasion in the Gulf of Thailand
  4. Marine bioactive compounds
  5. Physical and chemical oceanography in coral reef habitats
  6. Impact of climate changes on polar and tropical regions

Key Contact Person

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Suchana Chavanich

E-mail: suchana.c@chula.ac.th

Website: http://www.rbrg.sc.chula.ac.th

Address

Office of Research Affairs Chulalongkorn University, Chamchuri 5 Bld. 6th Fl.,
Phayathai Rd.,
Wangmai, Pathumwan Bangkok 10330 

E- Mail: research@chula.ac.th
Fax  02-218-0236

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